- Acute renal failure
- Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
- Electrolyte and acid-base abnormalities
- Genetic and non-genetic renal diseases (e.g., polycystic kidney disease, Alport's syndrome, glomerulonephritis, end-stage renal disease)
- Hypertension and diabetes based kidney complications*
*It is important to note that hypertension and diabetes are the most common causes of kidney failure. It is very important to control hypertension and diabetes to slow down chronic kidney disease. Often Chronic kidney disease will also lead to hypertension.
Renal: : Another word for “kidney”, from the Latin word “ren” meaning kidneys, used as an adjective.
Dialysis: : A process of cleaning waste and other unwanted substances from blood.
Apheresis: : A process of taking out only certain parts of a patient’s blood, and returning the rest to the same patient.