· Injury to nearby organs, such as the intestines, liver, spleen, and pancreas.
· Bleeding in the abdominal cavity or at the incisions.
· Leaking into the pleural cavity during the surgery, causing collapse of the lung.
· Decrease in efficiency of the lungs or respiratory system after the procedure.
· Decrease in efficiency of the remaining kidney immediately after the procedure.
· Injury to the nerves close to the incisions.
· Hernia at the incisions.