Complications in neck surgery such as this are infrequent and usually minor. However, as with any spine surgery, there are risks, including the possibility of:
- Adjacent vertebrae degeneration due to extra stress and load by fusion of spine segment
- Swallowing difficulty and temporary hoarseness
- Failure of bone graft healing to create a fusion
- General complications of any surgery including bleeding, infection, blood clots and reaction to anesthesia
You are advised to discuss the potential risks and complications with your surgeon prior to having ACDF surgery. However, risks from any surgery can be reduced by following the surgeon's instructions before and after the neck surgery.