Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion procedure is performed under general anesthesia. The incision is around 3-cm long. The surgeon approaches the degenerated disc from the front (anterior) of the spine through the space between neck muscles. The disc material is then removed and the pain is relieved as the pressure is removed from the pinched nerve root. A bone graft, which acts as a bridge to allow a new bone to grow, is then inserted into the disc space. The surgeon then closes the incision, which usually just leaves a small scar.
In some cases, the surgeon may insert screws to stabilize the spine while the treated area heals and fusion occurs.