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Knee osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear of the knee cartilage, which is responsible for protecting and reducing the impact on the bones within the joint. If a large area of knee cartilage is affected, the bones in the knee joint will rub together causing inflammation and pain.
Generally, in cases of knee joint deterioration, it initially involves the inner part of the knee joint. However, with increased wear and tear, all three compartments of the joint may be affected — the inside of the joint, the outside of the joint and the kneecap (patella).
Common causes of knee osteoarthritis include:
The following are the standard methods often used to diagnose knee osteoarthritis:
With such a range of options available, it is important that patients consult their doctor on the most suitable course of treatment.
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Your doctor may apply a cast when there is injury to the bone, muscles or joint to treat it appropriately. An orthopedic cast is shell, usually made of plaster, which immobilizes a bone or joint