Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) Shunt Placement

Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is surgery to relieve increased pressure inside the skull due to excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain (hydrocephalus), which can lead to brain damage. Hydrocephalus can occur for many reasons, including brain tumors, bleeding inside the brain, and meningitis. These conditions lead to hydrocephalus through disruption of the delicate balance between production and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid.


The procedure is used to relieve pressure on the brain caused by fluid accumulation.

Treatment options for hydrocephalus depend on the cause of the condition. In some cases, no treatment may be necessary, and in other cases, surgery may be required to treat the cause of hydrocephalus. Patients and their family should be given all the details regarding the placement of the ventriculoperitoneal shunt including possible risks and complications of the procedure as well as the hydrocephalus.

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