Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) may be done with regional anesthesia, which numbs the lower part of the body, but does not put you to sleep, or general anesthesia. A cystoscope, which is a hollow tube with a lens, that is equipped with a resectoscope, an instrument with an electrically activated wire loop, is inserted through your urethra into your bladder. The doctor will first examine the bladder for signs of cancer.
If tumors are found, the resectoscope will be used to remove a sample of tissue to be examined in the laboratory. The rest of the cancer will either be removed by the resectoscope or burned away with laser equipment that can be introduced through the cystoscope.