A fasciotomy or fasciectomy is a surgical treatment option for certain conditions like Dupuytren’s contracture, also known as Morbus Dupuytren or Viking disease. This condition causes one or more fingers to bend into the palm and prevents it/them from extending. It most commonly affects the ring and little fingers. Sometimes the middle finger may be affected if the condition is severe. The index finger and thumb are usually unaffected. This condition progresses slowly over several years and is accompanied by occasional pain. It tends to occur in patients over 40 years of age and is more common in men than women.