Breathing Treatment in Children

Breathing treatments involve inhaling medications in a mist form to treat a number of respiratory conditions. Breathing treatments are widely used for both children and adults, especially for asthma, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, severe allergic reactions, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The advantage of breathing treatments is that the tiny particles can easily enter the lungs and affect it directly. The medication also works immediately when delivered this way.

Types of Medications
  1. Antimicrobial medications to treat respiratory infections.
  2. Bronchodilator medications to help relax and open airways.
  3. Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
  4. Mucolytics to loosen, thin, and help clear mucus secretions from the lungs.
  5. Short-acting beta agonists to dilate the bronchial tubes.
  6. Long-acting beta agonists are bronchodilators that you use in combination with inhaled corticosteroids.
  7. Racemic epinephrine to treat severe asthma attacks, croup, and other emergency breathing situations.
  1. To treat an infection of the respiratory system, chronic pulmonary conditions, and acute respiratory emergencies.
  2. To lubricate the airway and thin out sticky mucus, allowing it to be more easily expelled from the lungs.
  3. To treat respiratory diseases, such as inflammation, shallow breathing, wheezing due to narrowed airway, coughing, and thick, green mucus, or any of the following:
  • Anaphylaxis.
  • Chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and bronchitis.
  • Lung infections due to inflammation, acute bronchitis, fungus, or viruses.
  • Foreign substance in the respiratory system or lungs, such as food that is aspirated into the lungs.
  • Sleep apnea, including snoring or a stop in breathing in children.
Breathing treatments are safe, but should never exceed the instructions of the doctor. While rare, some patients may experience an allergic reaction to the medication. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include hives, difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest, etc. Inform the doctor immediately if any of these occur or go to the closest hospital for treatment.
Please inform your doctor of any of the following symptoms:
  1. Reduced sense of taste or smell.
  2. Dry throat or irritation in the throat or mouth or coughing.
  3. Headache.
  4. Trembling; restlessness.
  5. Heaviness in the head.
  6. Nasal congestion.
  7. Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  8. Heart palpitations.
  9. Anxiety; nervousness.
  1. This is an important treatment method for patients with disorders of the respiratory system as well as enables delivery of oxygen to children while also administering a combination of medication, as necessary. Normal saline in the combination also keeps the respiratory tract lubricated. It is a fairly safe procedure.
  2. There are many types of breathing treatments, depending on the age, health, and condition of the child. The treatments are painless, but require that the patient is relaxed and able to breathe slowly so the medication is most effective. Thus, it is important to carry out the treatment correctly and to care for all equipment so they are in the best condition possible to ensure effective treatment.
What if the procedure is not performed?
The respiratory problem will worsen and can lead to death if not treated quickly and correctly.
The doctor may offer other treatment options, depending on the patient’s age, symptoms, severity of the condition, and even medical history. Oral or injectable medication may be appropriate. Additional testing may also be done, such as allergy testing, blood test to check oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood, chest x-ray, computerized tomography (CT) scan, or lung function test. Intubation may be necessary. Intravenous antibiotics may also be considered.

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