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Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is one of the most common knee complaints, affecting both athletes and non-athletes alike. Although it is not clear what causes patellofemoral pain syndrome, both repetitive movement and prolonged sitting seem to exacerbate the pain. If your knee is out of alignment, it can also cause anterior knee pain and should be addressed during treatment.

Symptoms of Patellofemoral pain syndrome
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is usually characterized by pain in the front of the knee. This affects the area of the lower thighbone (femur) where the kneecap (patella) slides through a groove. Bending and straightening the knee and going up and down the stairs exacerbate the pain.
A physical exam is used for diagnosis and to rule out injuries like a dislocated patella or arthritis. The doctor will evaluate not only the alignment of your knee but also the entire lower extremity, including hip, knee and ankle joints, as well as the bones of the thigh, leg and foot. 
Conservative treatment will usually involve rest, anti-inflammatory medications and, in some cases, wearing soft braces. If the condition does not improve, surgery may be required.

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