For patients with mild symptoms, treatment may include:
- Lifestyle modification: Avoiding heavy lifting and maintaining a healthy weight
- Building strong back/core muscles
- Physical therapy
For patients with severe symptoms such as severe back pain, severe leg pain, or those who can only walk short distances due to pain, surgery is an effective treatment. There are various surgical options available depending on the patient's needs:
- Surgery to insert a spinal implant for stabilizing the unstable spine and removing the tissue and bone that compress the spinal nerve. This is ideal for patients with severe back pain or spinal instability.
- Surgery to remove tissue and bone that compress the spinal nerve. At present, this can be done through a microscope or endoscope, which requires a small incision, results in minor injuries, a short hospital stay, and a fast recovery. This is ideal for patients without back pain or with mild back pain, whose main symptom is leg pain from nerve compression, and who show no spinal instability in the motion x-ray flexion-extension view.