Medication is the main form of treatment for epilepsy, which prevents seizures from occurring. Medication is usually administered for a period of 2 years or more. Treatment may also include targeting the cause(s) of the epilepsy itself. Epilepsy sufferers can usually be cured of their condition, but for some epileptics, it is only possible to restrict the number of seizures they may suffer from through continuous courses of medication. Currently, there are numerous types of medications that are able to safely and efficiently control seizures.
Approximately 70% of epileptics are able to treat or control the symptoms by taking medication and avoiding situations that can stimulate a seizure. Furthermore, doctors may advise a ketogenic dietwhich has been shown to help to reduce seizures. For the most part, dietary restrictions such as this can be used for children in whom seizures are more difficult to regulate and when medication is not producing the desired effect. For groups of patients who are not responding to medication, doctors may offer an alternative choice in the form of surgery.
Bumrungrad International Hospital currently offers an innovative, modern surgical technique called SEEG. The hospital was the first private hospital in Thailand to offer such a method to its patients. The surgery involves inserting electrodes into the brain to locate the exact site from which the seizure emanated before operating on that site. This type of surgery has produced satisfactory results.