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Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is the inflammation of mucous membrane of the trachea affecting on enlargement and hyperactivity of mucous glands which make tracheal pathway narrowed causing cough and secretion with dyspnea.

Cause of Acute Bronchitis
  • Respiratory tract infection, mostly from virus which is the same group causing flu and influenza.
  • Bacterial infection such as Bordateria pertussis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae
  • Irritants such as smoking, air pollution, dust, chemical agent, etc.
  • Irritation from gastric enzyme in patient with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Slight fever, chills, fatigue
  • Cough with few or no sputum initially then increasing much more secretion later
  • In case of sticky green or yellow sputum is caused by bacteria infection
  • Symptomatic treatment for example antipyretic drug for treatment of fever.
  • Cough medication or bronchodilator.
  • In case of a large amount of sputum, mucolytic agent may be given.
  • Adequate bed rest, frequently warm fluid intake.
  • Avoid smoking, fume, strong and irritated smell, tobacco smoke, chemical agent and other irritants that induce tracheal inflammation.
  • Avoid cold and dry environment which could induce more cough.
  • Avoid contact with direct air from air conditioner or electric fan because of cold air affected health status, reduce defense mechanism of infection and also irritate to tracheal mucous membrane increasing inflammation and cough.
  • Keep the body warm sufficiently.
  • Get a flu vaccine at least once a year.

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