Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is a mild bacterial infection in the vagina. While treatment for this infection is simple, it may indicate other more severe infections.

Bacterial vaginosis occurs due to an imbalance of the pH in the vagina, causing bacteria to increase and lead to inflammation of the vagina.
  1. Vaginal douching.
  2. Smoking and drinking alcohol.
  3. Using perfumed feminine soaps or sprays.
  4. Unprotected sexual intercourse.
  5. Having multiple sexual partners.
  6. The use of an intrauterine device (IUD).
  1. Abnormal vaginal discharge
    • White mixed with grey or green
    • Watery, foamy, or streaky discharge
    • Foul smelling, especially after intercourse
  2. Burning sensation during urination
  3. Irritation or itching in the vagina and/or the vulva
  4. Painful intercourse
  1. Internal examination reveals white and grey/green discharge with a foul smell.
  2. Examining a sample of vaginal discharge in the laboratory to diagnose infection.
  3. Measuring pH balance of the vagina, with a pH level of 4.5 or higher signaling a bacterial infection.
  4. Culture of vaginal discharge or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening.
  1. Please see the doctor to receive medication.
  2. Oral medication like metronidazole or clindamycin that much be taken immediately after meals as they can cause nausea and/or vomiting, and it is important to avoid alcohol for at least one week during treatment.
  3. Topical cream to alleviate the burning and inflammation of the skin of the vulva.
  1. Avoid vaginal douching. Avoid wearing sanitary pads all the time.
  2. If you have an infection, avoid sexual intercourse until the infection has been treated or use condoms.
  3. Avoid using feminine washes or sprays.
  4. See a gynecologist for annual internal examinations.
  5. Clean carefully after urination and bowel movements and always wipe from front to back.
  6. Maintain good personal hygiene. Avoid underwear that does not allow ventilation.
  7. Take medication and apply the medication as prescribed by your doctor.

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