Transsphenoidal Surgery

Transsphenoidal surgery is performed to remove pituitary tumors, which are abnormal growths that develop in the pituitary gland. Pituitary tumors cause a variety of hormone problems and can grow large enough to compress important nerves and arteries of the brain. Most pituitary tumors are noncancerous and usually remain confined to the gland and surrounding tissues rather than spreading to other parts of the body as cancerous tumors might. Surgery may not be the first option for pituitary tumors and your doctor will focus on controlling its growth and managing your hormone levels with medication.


Transsphenoidal surgery is used to remove tumors of the pituitary gland.

Treatment of pituitary tumor depends on the type of tumor, its size, and how far it has grown into the brain. The doctor may recommend waiting and seeing if the tumor grows or may prescribe medication to manage your hormones and/or shrink the tumor. Radiation may be an option, with or without surgery. If the tumor is large and cannot be removed through transsphenoidal surgery, a craniotomy may be necessary. This involves removing a piece of the skull to access the tumor.

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