ESWL is used for the treatment of urinary tract stones – especially stones in the kidney and the ureter, however, is generally not used to treat bladder stones. Patients often see the doctor when experiencing the following symptoms:
- Abdominal or lower back pain
- Urinary abnormalities, similar to the symptoms of cystitis, such as frequent urination, pain or burning during urination, or the presence of blood in urine, etc.
- Inability or difficulty urinating, or interrupted urine flow.
- The presence of small, gravel-like stones mixed in with urine
- Urinary tract infection, with fever.
Once urinary tract stones have been diagnosed, the doctor will consider whether or not the patient should undergo ESWL. The decision will be based on a variety of factors such as the location and size of the stones, density of the stones, any inflammation or swelling of the kidneys, the patient’s overall health, and whether or not the patient will be able to handle the intensity of the shock waves.