Information on Current International Infectious Disease Situation

WHO - Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic

In the week from 7 through 13 September, there were over 1.8 million new cases of COVID-19, comparable to the previous seven days (Table 1); while deaths increased slightly as compared to the previous week, with over 40 600 deaths reported.

The Region of the Americas has consistently registered the greatest number of reported cases for many weeks. It continues to account for nearly half of the global total of cases even as cases have declined in the reporting week. The African Region also showed a decline in reported cases this week and was the only region to report a decline in deaths.

The European region reported the third-highest number of new cases, amounting to 16% of the global total, and is the region with the second-highest cumulative number of cases per million population (5,172 cases per million population).


You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:
  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
  • Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and others. Why? When someone coughs, sneezes, or speaks they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person has the disease.
  • Avoid going to crowded places. Why? Where people come together in crowds, you are more likely to come into close contact with someone that has COVID-19 and it is more difficult to maintain physical distance of 1 metre (3 feet).
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and infect you.
  • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately and wash your hands. Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
  • Stay home and self-isolate even with minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover. Have someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house, wear a mask to avoid infecting others. Why? Avoiding contact with others will protect them from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
  • If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention, but call by telephone in advance if possible and follow the directions of your local health authority. Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
  • Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national health authorities. Why? Local and national authorities are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-2019) situation reports from WHO :

Novel Coronavirus outbreak Situation latest updated on 18 September 2020

  • International Situation
World Health Organization Announcing the global coronary epidemic infection outbreak 2019 is still serious The most infected people since the outbreak And concerned about the situation of peak addicts

Infection in low-medium-income countries Therefore issued a warning that the global spread of the disease is not yet final.
  • As of 18 September 2020, there were a total of 30,183,223 confirmed cases and 946,140 COVID-19 deaths. The 5 countries with the most confirmed COVID-19 cases include: the United States, India, Brazil, Russia, Peru
  • The Disease Situation in Thailand latest updated on 18 September 2020
Confirmed case 3,497 cases
Recovered 3,328 cases
Admit 111 cases
Deaths 58 cases
  • Thailand Situation
The Ministry of Interior (MoI) stated that now there are outbreaks of COVID-19 in neighboring countries located near the western part of Thailand and this may lead to the undocumented crossing of migrants into Thailand and can bring imported cases to the country. Therefore, the MoI tasked the

Provincial Governors and the Bangkok Governor to strictly implement 3 main measures as follows:

1. The provinces connected to the Myanmar borders are requested to strengthen their surveillance measures in order to prevent the smuggling of people to Thailand.

2. Provinces that have adjacent border areas and main and secondary transportation routes will establish checkpoints for surveillance and monitor to prevent the entering of undocumented immigrants. If detected, the officials have to proceed in accordance with regulations, laws, and public health measures.

3. All provinces need to integrate various sectors including government and relevant units to implement active finding of undocumented migrants entering Thailand to workplaces, where migrant workers are working. If they are detected, the officials will proceed in accordance with the regulations, laws, and public health measures. Furthermore, all provinces have to promote public relations to people in the villages and communities to help each other in surveillance and monitoring.

Risk Communication to the Public

  • In case of traveling to areas and across areas by public transport, the public transport operator must prepare the system and comply with the disease control measures, i.e. cleaning the vehicle, screening passengers, encouraging passengers to wear a mask, limiting bus services during certain periods, arranging distance between seats, and limiting the number of passengers. Customers must wear a mask at all times while traveling, refrain from talking and eating on public transport, and register each time they enter/leave the service area.
    • For other business places/enterprises, operators are recommended to keep the areas clean, encourage people to wear a mask, limit the number of customers in accordance with the COVID-19 control measures.
    • For people visiting crowded places or closed areas such as meeting rooms, department stores, and movie theatres, they are recommended to wear a mask, keep a distance of at least 1-2 meters from other people, and limit contact with other people to be only for a short period of time.
  • Regularly wash hands with water and soap or use alcohol gel. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with your hands.
  • Do not use or share personal stuff with others (i.e. handkerchiefs, glasses, and towels) since pathogens causing respiratory disease can be transmitted to other people through secretions.
  • Avoid eating raw food.

Thailand COVID-19 situation update:

IC Actions: Preparedness and response plan to prevent infection in hospitals

  1. Preparedness for the outbreak situation with the relevant departments to establish COVID-19 command center since January 4, 2020 as well as review the work flow and emerging disease drill (called IC code)
  2. Review and communicate workflow in patient services to be safe both for patients and staff in a COVID-19 situation.
  3. Training and knowledge circulation for medical professionals and hospital staff.
  4. Facility: Negative Pressure room are available and ready to use. Designated area for high risk patient with symptoms of respiratory disease.
  5. Stockpile of personal protective equipment is sufficient and ready for use.
  6. Develop a hospital laboratory to support SARS-CoV-2 virus testing.
  7. IC team monitoring the outbreak global and nation situation closely cooperate with the Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health (MOPH). Set up and update screening form at entrances.
  8. Collaborate with the team to provide equipment to support safety measures and provide assurance to clients such as Xenex, EOS (Extra aerosol Oral Suction), LUCAS.
  9. Collaborate with the medical transport team to transfer patients and relatives from the international for treatment. Be a part of the team on setting up Alternative State Quarantine and Hospital State Quarantine.

Global concerns situation: WHO updated on 3 September 2020

Ebola :Summary of Ebola Situation latest updated on 3 Sep 2020

Three months after the declaration of the eleventh Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, the number of confirmed cases continues to increase, and the geographic spread of the outbreak continues to expand.

As of 1 September 2020, 110 cases (104 confirmed and six probable) including 47 deaths (case fatality ratio 43%) have been reported from 36 health areas in 11 health zones. In the past 21 days (12 August – 1 September 2020), 24 confirmed cases have been reported in 15 health areas across eight health zones. To date, three healthcare workers have been affected, making up 3% of all cases. In addition, 48 people have recovered from EVD to date.

WHO has not received adequate EVD funding since the start of 2020, and is currently using its emergency funds to support epidemiological and public health interventions. Access to financial and human resources are further challenged by the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak which is putting an additional burden on the national health system. The risk of disruption to surveillance and routine public health activities due to COVID-19 might jeopardize the country’s ability to rapidly contain re-emergence of these EVD cases. As of 29 August 2020, the Democratic Republic of the Congo has reported 1044 COVID-19 cases and 258 deaths.

Ebola :Summary of Ebola Situation latest updated on 26 Jun 2020

  • The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • No new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo since April 2020. June 2020 marks the beginning of the handover of outbreak response and surveillance activities from the central government and international partners to the Provincial Health Divisions.
  • From 1 August 2018 to 25 June 2020, a total of 3470 EVD cases were reported from 29 health zones, of which 2287 cases died.
  • On 25 June 2020, the Democratic Republic of the Congo entered a 90-day period of heightened surveillance. Although human-to-human transmission of Ebola virus has ended in North Kivu, Ituri and South Kivu Provinces and the outbreak has officially been declared over, the risk of re-emergence still exists. Therefore, there is a critical need to maintain response operations to rapidly detect and respond to any new cases and to prioritize ongoing support and care for people who recovered from EVD.
  • No new EVD cases or deaths have been reported in the Republic of Uganda since the previous EVD Disease Outbreak News publication on 13 June 2019. As of 26 June, 108 tentially exposed contacts have been identified and are under surveillance, including 13 who have completed followed up.

MERS-CoV :Summary of MERS Situation latest updated on 2 July 2020

  • Between 1 April and 31 May 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported nine new cases of MERS-CoV infection. The cases were reported from Riyadh (seven cases), Assir (one case) and Northern (one case) Regions.  
  • From 9 through 13 January 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) notified WHO of 2 laboratory-confirmed case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.The patient owns a camel farm located in Al Ain City, Abu Dhabi region in UAE.
  • On 18 February 2020, the National IHR Focal Point for Qatar reported 1 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection to WHO. There are family relative and living in Doha, Qatar.
  • Since 2012 until 31 May 2020, the total number of laboratory-confirmed MERS-CoV infection cases reported globally to WHO is 2,562 with 881 associated deaths.

Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health Issuing a public warning to prevent diseases and health hazards occurring during the rainy season in Thailand 2020, dated 25 May 2020, so that people, especially children and the elderly, can properly take care of their health. The diseases and health hazards that are more likely to encounter patients during the rainy season are divided into 5 groups as follows
  1. Respiratory disease (influenza and pneumonia), both can be prevented by get enough rest, regularly wash hands with soap and water or alcohol gel. Do not share personal items with others. And wear a mask when having to associate with others.
  2. Gastrointestinal and water-borne diseases (diarrhea, food poisoning and cholera). For the prevention of gastrointestinal and water-borne diseases, wash your hands before and after cooking, after eating, drink clean water, take clean and newly cooked food. Should not eat raw food.
  3. Diseases caused by Aedes mosquitoes (dengue fever and joint pain, Aedes mosquitoes or Chikungunya). Both diseases can be prevented by not being bitten by mosquitoes. And eliminate mosquitoes breeding grounds.
  4. Other major communicable diseases during the rainy season (Leptospirosis and Hands foot mouth disease)
  5. Health hazards (injuries and deaths from drowning Injury and death from lightning strikes The danger of being bitten by a poisonous animal And the dangers of eating poisonous mushrooms)

The examination results must not be more than 14 days before the departure date to Bumrungrad Hospital. This measurement is  safety for all our customer          
Infection Control Department has updated weekly  the information about national and international contagious to relevant department by referring  from 
World Health Organization (WHO) and  Department of Disease Control Ministry of Public Health. The purpose is for the information to department involved as follows :

However, Infectious Control still provide information and consultation all through 24 hours. If you have any question, please contact :
  • 5 digit Chulaluk S. 44279
  • Infection Control Department Tel 02-0114831

Thailand situation : MOPH updated on 21 July 2020

Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health Issuing a public warning to prevent diseases and health hazards occurring during the rainy season in Thailand 2020, dated 21 July 2020. The diseases that are more likely to encounter patients during the rainy season are divided as follows

1.Dengue fever : Thailand has entered the rainy season which is the dengue season, some areas with rainfalls will leave outdoor stagnant water in natural and artificial water containers that serve as mosquito breeding sites. Dengue is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Common symptoms of dengue include abrupt high grade fever that lasts 2 to 5 days, headache, eye socket pain, body ache, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, coughing without running nose, facial skin redness, skin petechiae on arms, legs, and joints. For patients with the warning signs, occurring especially when temperature declines, including bleeding from nose or gums, drowsiness or irritability, pale, cold, or clammy skin or difficulty breathing, and shock, a special medical care at the hospital for life saving is urgently needed. The patients with high risk of dengue complications and severe illness are those with chronic diseases such as hypertension, heart diseases, obesity, asthma, alcoholism, thalassemia, those who had previous dengue infection as well as patients with delay hospital visits.

2. Chikungunya : is transmitted to humans by bites of infected Aedes mosquitos of both species: Aedes aegypti (yellow fever mosquito) which stays indoor and Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquito or forest mosquito) which stays in cultivated land. Chikungunya symptoms include an abrupt fever, skin rash, muscle pain, nausea and fatigue. The characterized symptoms are severe joint swelling and joint pain which usually last for many weeks or months. There is no plasma leakage leading to shock.However, patients should promptly seek hospital medical care for relief of symptoms.
Patients, with history of travelling to or live in risk areas especially the Southernregion within 14 days before symptoms develop, should inform the risk history to the doctors.

            DDC strongly urges public participation among people in all households, communities, and workplaces to routinely eliminate mosquito breeding sites using the mosquito control measure called “3 Do’s to prevent 3 diseases (dengue, chikungunya and Zika virus)”, i.e. 1) cover water-storage containers, change water in small containers every 7 days and eliminate all outdoor mosquito breeding sites, 2) dispose garbage properly, and 3) keep houses tidy without any corners suitable for mosquitoes to rest.

3. Influenza, or flu : The influenza viruses are mainly spread person to person by droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze, or talk. Therefore, people with flu-like illness (fever, sore throat, cough, stuffy or runny nose, and muscle aches) should be absent for home care, avoid close contact to and sharing utensils with others to prevent spreading of influenza viruses. They should wear face masks, or cover nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing and sneezing, and wash hands often. Medicines for relieve symptoms, enough bed rest and drinking water help patients to recover within 5 to 7 days. However, those who take medicines to relieve influenza illness but symptoms do not improve within 2 days, or those with worsen illness such as shortness of breath or rapid breathing, chest pain, persistent vomiting, confusion or sudden dizziness, a hospital medical care is immediately needed.

4. Pneumonia : Most pathogens are bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, viruses such as influenza, coronavirus 2019 caused by an infection of the alveoli within the lung tissue. By inhaling pathogens into the lungs Causing inflammation of surrounding tissues. The Department of Disease Control advises people, especially young children under 5 years, the elderly, and people with chronic diseases who may have weakened immunity and are at risk of severe illness, to protect themselves well from pneumonia by these practices, i.e. 1) have young children vaccinated against diseases such as influenza, measles and whooping cough (pertussis), 2) give babies exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life to improve children's natural defences, 3) keep warm with proper clothes, 4) have regular exercise and enough rest, 5) maintain good hygiene especially hand washing.

            People with flu-like illness should be isolated and maintain strict personal hygiene. Frequent cleansing of sharing spaces especially touching surfaces such as door knobs that might be contaminated with the viruses is helpful. Hand-washing facilities with soap or alcohol hand sanitizer, and face masks should be provided. The DDC also advises people to protect themselves well from the disease and to maintain good personal hygiene. All should wash hands often and practice social distancing, i.e. avoid close contact and sharing of personal items with people who have respiratory symptoms (e.g. coughing, sneezing, running nose), wear masks in crowded places, eat newly cooked foods as well as fruits, drink 6-8 glasses of water, exercise regularly, have enough sleep, and wear proper cloths to keep warm. Patients, who take medicines to relieve influenza illness but symptoms do not improve within 2 days, or those with worsen illness such as shortness of breath or rapid breathing, a hospital medical care is immediately needed. Hospital care is usually crucial for severe illness at risk groups including the elderly, young children aged 6 months to 2 years, pregnant women, obese people weigh 100 kg. or more, people with underlying diseases and health care personnel.

5. Hand Mouth Disease (HFMD) : HFMD is spread from an infected person to others through direct contact with nasal mucus, saliva, droplets made when people with the disease cough or sneeze, blister fluid, and stool. The illness is typically mild, and fever disappears in 2 to 3 days.
The Department of Disease Control advises that HFMD patients should be isolated for medical care followed by home care. However, urgent hospitalization is needed in patients with warning signs such as high fever, stiff neck, cold sweating, lethargy, recurrent vomiting, rapid breathing, excessive tiredness, irritability, myoclonic jerks, drowsiness and limb weakness. Kindergartens, child daycare centers, and nurseries are recommended to screen children on a daily basis by observing HFMD symptoms, provide health education and encourage children to wash their hands often especially before having meals and after using toilets. Facilities and utensils should be kept clean and hygienic. It is also safer to provide separate utensils, especially water cup, for each child.
Infection Control Department has updated weekly  the information about national and international contagious to relevant department by referring  from World Health Organization (WHO) and  Department of Disease Control Ministry of Public Health. The purpose is for the information to department involved as follows. However, Infectious Control still provide information and consultation all through 24 hours. If you have any question, please contact :
  • 5 digit Chulaluk S. 44279
  • Infection Control Department Tel 02-0114831

National & International Contagious Disease Updated  Week 37, 2020 : 12 - 18 September, 2020 with the following details :


1. Global situation (Ref: World Health Organization)  


Province Concern


- Saudi Arabia  : (Update 2 July 2020)    

Riyadh , Assir and Northern

- The United Arab Emirates: (Update 13 Jan 2020)    

   Abu Dhabi

- Qatar (Update 18 Feb 2020)    

Ebola Virus Disease

-Democratic Republic of the Congo : (Update 3 Sep 2020)


-Democratic Republic of the Congo : (Update 6 May 2020)

-Maxico (Update 21 April 2020)

Dengue fever 

-France   (Update 23 April 2020)

- Chile (Update 7 Feb 20)

Yellow fever

- France   (Update 1 Aug 2020)
- Gabon ( Update 17 Jun 2020) 

- Ethiopia  ( Update 3 Mar 2020)

- Sudan ( Update 3 Mar 2020)


Lassa Fever

Nigeria  (Update 9 Feb 2020)


Democratic Republic of the Congo (Update 1 May 19)

Avian Influenza

-Nepal (H5N1)

-Chinese Taipei (H5N2)

(Update 27 Jun 19  no new case of Human Infection)


-Democratic Republic of the Congo : (Update 23 July 2020)



2. National Situation (Ref: Department of Disease Control Ministry of Public Health)


Reported case  From 1 Jan, 2020 – 14 Sep 2020: 55,004 cases  with 38 deaths.    

Top 5 Province

1. Mae Hong Son                                2. Rayong

3. Chaiyaphum                                    4. Nakhon Ratchasima

5. Khon Kaen                                    


Reported case  From 1 Jan, 2020 – 14 Sep 2020:  8,396 cases. Top 5 Province

1. Chanthaburi                                  2. Uthai Thani

3. Lamphun                                       4. Rayong

5. Loei

Influenza A (H1N1, H3N2)/ B

Reported case  From 1 Jan, 2020 – 13 Sep 2020 : 109,401 cases with 4 deaths.

Top 5 Province

1.  Phayao                                   2.Chiang Mai

3. Nong Khai                                4. Rayong 

5. Bangkok      


Reported case  From 1 Jan, 2020 – 14 Sep 2020: 130,193 cases  with 106 deaths.

Top 5 Province

1. Ubon Ratchathani                      2. Sri Sa Ket                         

3. Khon Kaen                                 4.  Maha Sarakham  

5. Phayao

Hand foot mouth

Reported case  From  1 Jan, 2020 – 14 Sep 2020: 8,878 cases.

Top 5 Provinces

1 Yala                            .                   2. Narathiwat

3. Nan                                               4.  Chiang Rai  

5. Mae Hong Son                             

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