Information on Current International Infectious Disease Situation




This information is put together for you by the Infection Control Department at Bumrungrad International Hospital in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the Ministry of Public Health in Thailand.
 

National & International Contagious Disease Updated  Week 18, 2019 : 27 Apr 2019 – 3 May 2019 with the following details :

 

1. Global situation (Ref: World Health Organization)

 

Disease

Province Concern

MERS-CoV

-Saudi Arabia  Wadi Aldwasir city (Update 24 Apr 19)

-United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

-Oman (Update 4 Mar 19)

(Region :South Sharquia-4cases, North Batinah-4cases)

Ebola Virus Disease

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Update 2 May 19)

As of 30 April, a total of 1495 confirmed and probable EVD cases have been reported, of which 984 died

Yellow fever

-Nigeria (Update 09 Jan 19)

-Brazil  (Update 18 Apr 19)

The States of São Paulo (62 cases), Paraná (12 cases), and Santa Catarina (1case)

Hantavirus disease

Republic of Panama (Update 04 Jan 19)

Argentine Republic (Update 23 Jan 19)

Poliomyelitis

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Update 08 Jan 19)

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1

Mozambique  (Update 25 Jan 19)

Papua New Guinea  (Update 20 Feb 19)

Indonesia (Update 27 Feb 19)

Measles

Madagascar (Update17 Jan 19)

Gonococcal infection

United Kingdom  (Update 30 Jan 19)

Dengue fever

Jamaica (Update 4 Feb 19)

Lassa Fever

Nigeria  (Update 14 Feb 19)

Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection

Mexico (Update 5 Mar 19)

chikungunya

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Update 1 May 19)

 

2. National Situation (Ref: Department of Disease Control Ministry of Public Health)
 

Influenza A (H1N1, H3N2)/ B

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Apr 30, 2019 : 145,972 cases  with 10 deaths.   The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 7-9, 10-14 and 25-34 years old respectively.

Top 5 Province

1. Bangkok                         2. Chiangmai                  

3. Rayong                          4. Nakhon Pathom

5. Chanthaburi

Department of Disease Control expects more people with influenza. Advise parents to take care of young children closely.

Hand foot mouth

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Apr 28, 2019 : 10,145 cases .

Top 5 Provinces

1. SuratThani             2.  Chiangmai 

3. Chumphon            4. Prachaubkirikan                                                                                 

5. Songkla

The Department of Disease Control advises parents to take care of their children closely. The tendency is to find children with EV 71 increase, emphasized if the fever. Clear water Hurry to see the doctor and cleaning equipment.

Dengue

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Apr 29, 2019: 18,105 cases  with 24 deaths.    

Top 5 Province

1. Samut Sakhon          2. Nakhon Pathom                                                                               

3.  Lop Buri                  4. Tard

5. Ratchaburi 

Measles

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to  Apr 26, 2019 : 2,492 cases  with 10 deaths.  cases.

Top 5 Province

1. Narathiwat                  2.  Phetchaburi                           

3. Pattani                        4. Songkla 

5. Chiangmai

Leptospirosis

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to  Apr 27, 2019 :  526 cases  with 8 deaths.

 The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 45-54, The majority of patients are males.  Found in farmer career.

Top 5 Province

1. Phangnga                      2.  Srisaket 

3. Krabi                              4. Yasothon   

5. Phatthalung

Scrub typhus

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to  Apr 26, 2019:  1,573 cases  . The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 45-54, The majority of patients are males.  Found in farmer career.   Top 5 Province

1. Mae Hong Son                2. Nan

3. Chiang Rai                      4. Tak 

5. Chaiyaphum

Chickenpox

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Apr 29, 2019 : 22,291cases.  The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 7-9, 10-14 and 15-24  years old respectively. Found in school children.

Top 5 Province

1. Chiang Rai                    2. Narathiwat                    

3. Chiangmai                     4. Nan     

5. Lampang

Food Poisoning

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to  Apr 29, 2019 : 35,617cases. Top 5 Province

1. Ubon Ratchathani         2.  Lamphun

3. Roi Et                            4. Khon Kaen                  

5. Tak

Diarrhoea

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to  Apr 30, 2019 : 338,944cases  with 2 death  case.

Top 5 Province

1. Chanthaburi                    2. Prachin Buri                         .

3. Samut Songkhram          4.  Chiang Rai                     

5. Maha Sarakham

Diphtheria

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Apr 9, 2019 : 9 cases with 2 death    The highest incidence rate were found in age 3, 55-64 and 9-11 month old respectively.

Top 5 Province

1. Uttaradit                     2. Yala                    

3. Satun                         4. Tak  

5. Chiang Rai   

 Diphtheria is spread from person to person, usually through respiratory droplets, from coughing, sneezing and close contact. The best way to prevent diphtheria is to get vaccinated. The DDC therefore advises parents to bring their children to get the complete vaccination series against diphtheria (DTP vaccine) as per the MOPH recommended immunization schedule.             

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