Information on Current International Infectious Disease Situation




This information is put together for you by the Infection Control Department at Bumrungrad International Hospital in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the Ministry of Public Health in Thailand.
 

National & International Contagious Disease Updated  Week 24, 2019 : 8 – 14 Jun 2019 with the following details :

 

1. Global situation (Ref: World Health Organization)

   

Disease

Province Concern

MERS-CoV

- ซาอุดีอาระเบีย : (Update 17 May 19)   

 Wadi Aldwasir, Alkhafi city and  Riyadh city 

Ebola Virus Disease

-Democratic Republic of the Congo (Update 13 Jun 19)

North Kivu and Ituri provinces

-Republic of Uganda (Update 13 Jun 19)

Yellow fever

- France (Update 20 May 19)

-Nigeria (Update 09 Jan 19)

-Brazil  (Update 18 Apr 19)

The States of São Paulo (62 cases), Paraná (12 cases), and Santa Catarina (1case)

Hantavirus disease

Republic of Panama (Update 04 Jan 19)

Argentine Republic (Update 23 Jan 19)

Poliomyelitis

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Update 08 Jan 19)

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2

 

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1

 

Wild poliovirus type 1

Mozambique  (Update 25 Jan 19)

Cameroon (Update 06 Jun 19)

Papua New Guinea  (Update 20 Feb 19)

Indonesia (Update 27 Feb 19)

Islamic Republic of Iran (Update 24 May 19)

Measles

-Tunisia (Update 9 May 19)

-Madagascar (Update17 Jan 19)

- United States of America (Update 04 Jun 19)

Gonococcal infection

United Kingdom  (Update 30 Jan 19)

Dengue fever

Jamaica (Update 4 Feb 19)

Réunion, France (Update 20 May 19)

Lassa Fever

Nigeria  (Update 14 Feb 19)

Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection

Mexico (Update 5 Mar 19)

Chikungunya

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Update 1 May 19)

Monkeypox

Singapore (Update 16 May 19)

Rift Valley Fever

Mayotte (France)  (Update 13 May 19)

 

 

 

 2. National Situation (Ref: Department of Disease Control Ministry of Public Health)
 

 

Influenza A (H1N1, H3N2)/ B

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  11, 2019 : 171,071 cases  with 14 deaths.   The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 7-9, 25-34 and 10-14 years old respectively.

Top 5 Province

1. Rayong                                2. Bangkok          

3. Chiangmai                         4. Chanthaburi

5. Nakhon Pathom

Department of Disease Control report of the Influenza situation is likely to decrease.

Hand foot mouth

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  10, 2019 : 13,113 cases .

Top 5 Provinces

1. Chiangmai                  2. Nan             

3. Surat Thani                 4. Phuket                                                                                          

5. Chumphon

The Department of Disease Control advises parents to take care of their children closely. The tendency is to find children with EV 71 increase, emphasized if the fever. Clear water Hurry to see the doctor and cleaning equipment.

Dengue

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  11, 2019 : 28,785 cases  with 43 deaths.    

Top 5 Province

1. Tard                                      2. Ubon Ratchathani                        

3. Samut Sakhon                    4. Nakhon Pathom          

5. Nakhon Ratchasima

Measles

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to  Jun  7, 2019 : 3,164 cases  with 11 deaths.  cases.

Top 5 Province

1. Narathiwat                  2.  Phetchaburi                                          

3. Pattani                        4.  Chiangmai

5. Songkla 

Department of Disease Control suggestions should be off from study or work  until 4 days after the rash occurs. If necessary to have activities in crowded places should put on mask.            

Leptospirosis

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  9, 2019 :  737 cases  with 9 deaths.

 The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 45-54, The majority of patients are males.  Found in farmer career.

Top 5 Province

1. Srisaket                    2. Phangnga 

3. Yasothon                  4. Krabi                             

5. Yala 

Scrub typhus

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  9, 2019 :  2,189 cases  . The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 45-54, The majority of patients are males.  Found in farmer career.   Top 5 Province

1. Mae Hong Son                2. Nan

3. Tak                                    4. Chiang Rai                     

5. Chaiyaphum

Chickenpox

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  10, 2019 : 26,648 cases.  The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 15-24, 10-14 and 7-9  years old respectively. Found in school children.

Top 5 Province

1. Narathiwat.                      2. Chiang Rai                    

3. Chiangmai                      4. Nan     

5. Lampang

Food Poisoning

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  10, 2019 : 47,776 cases. Top 5 Province

1. Ubon Ratchathani         2. Lamphun                             

3. Roi Et                               4. Khon Kaen                     

5. Tak

Diarrhoea

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  11, 2019 : 459,988 cases  with 1 death  case.

Top 5 Province

1. Prachin Buri                          2. Chanthaburi                    

3. Mukdahan                             4. Mae Hong Son                         

5. Maha Sarakham                  

Diphtheria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to May  26, 2019 : 8 cases with 1 death. The highest incidence rate were found in age groups  55-64 , 10-14  and 3 years old respectively.

Top 5 Province

1. Yala                     2. Satun                  

3. Sa Kaeo              4. Tak 

5. Chiang Rai   

 Diphtheria is spread from person to person, usually through respiratory droplets, from coughing, sneezing and close contact. The best way to prevent diphtheria is to get vaccinated. The DDC therefore advises parents to bring their children to get the complete vaccination series against diphtheria (DTP vaccine) as per the MOPH recommended immunization schedule.             

Syphilis

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to Jun  9, 2019 : 3,913 cases  The highest incidence rate were found in age groups 15-24, 25-34 and 35-44  years old respectively. Especially  found in high school and undergraduate students.

Top 5 Province

1. Rayong                   2. Songkla                   

3. Prachin                 4. BuriPhuket    

5. Bangkok

Streptococcus suis

Reported case  From Jan 1, 2019 to June  7, 2019 : 188 cases  with 19 death. The highest incidence rate were found in age >65 , 45-54 and 55-64  years old respectively.

Top 5 Province

1. Uttaradit                    2. Nakhon Sawan                     

3. Phrae                        4.  Kamphaeng Phet

5.  Nan

Streptococcus suis is spread from exacerbated through wounds, abrasions and conjunctiva. From eating raw pork Cooked, not cooked or raw pork blood.

Disease prevention Is to avoid eating raw or cooked pork, eating cooked pork, not adding raw blood to the food. Choose to buy fresh pork. There is no red color or a lot of blood. Through a shop that has a certificate of bringing pork from a standard slaughterhouse Not eating dead pork.

 

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