Otitis media

Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear (the space behind the eardrum.)

It may be related to a viral or bacterial infection.
  1. The common cold or sinus infection.
  2. Age: infants or babies that drink from a bottle, especially while sleeping, or those that use pacifiers which can increase the risk of choking.
  3. Children in daycare.
  4. Certain health problems, such as a cleft palate or Down syndrome.
  5. History of drug allergies; acid reflux.
  6. Women who drink alcohol while pregnant.
  7. Exposure to secondhand smoke from cigarettes or smoke from cooking of certain foods.
  1. Ear pain (children may scratch their ears or faces), high fever, irritation, loss of appetite, unable to sleep.
  2. Loss of hearing caused by an infection of the middle ear or a rupture of the eardrum.
  3. Leaking of discharge from the ear.
As recommended by the doctor.
  1. Avoid smoke.
  2. Breastfeed exclusively for at least six months and avoid artificial nipples.
  3. If bottle-feeding, keep the child’s head higher than the body and do not leave the bottle in the crib.
  4. Treat any other existing health conditions, such as acid reflux.
  5. Always wash hands to prevent the spread of disease.
  6. Children should be vaccinated as scheduled, including the flu vaccine.

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