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Colitis

Colitis refers to the inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. It is a common condition that occurs in people of all genders and ages.

Causes
  • Infection caused by bacteria, virus, or parasite.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
  • Lack of blood flow to the colon.
  • Food allergies.
Symptoms of colitis will depend on its cause, but may include:
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Bloating.
  • Diarrhea with mucus in stool.
Other symptoms may also include:
  • Fever and chills caused by infection.
  • Fatigue.
  • Patient history, including symptoms and medical history.
  • Physical examination.
  • Blood tests.
  • Stool analysis.
  • Other tests, such as colonoscopy, barium enema, computed tomography (CT) scan, biopsy, etc.
  • Treat the cause of the disease, such as prescribing antibiotics if there is a bacterial infection or treating the ulcerative colitis.
  • Treat the symptoms, such as pain medication for abdominal pain, anti-diarrhea medication, fever-reducing medication, intravenous fluids in the case of dehydration, medication to treat parasites, etc.
  • Carefully follow your doctor’s instructions and take all prescribed medication. Never stop medication on your own.
  • Eat clean food and drink clean water.
  • Avoid food and water that might cause allergies or diarrhea.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Keep all doctor’s appointments.

Related Treatments

Doctors Related

Related Centers

Digestive Disease (GI) Center

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