All over the world the population of elderly adults is increasing, and age is a major risk factor for heart valve disease. Heart valve disease occurs when one of the heart’s valves no longer works properly. The disease is categorized into 2 main types:
- Heart valve stenosis (narrowing of the valve)
- Heart valve regurgitation (leaky heart valve)
Patients with heart valve disease may not show signs or symptoms, or may only show mild symptoms in the early stages. If left untreated, symptoms will increasingly become more severe.
- Tightness in the chest
- Swollen feet and ankles
- Irregular heartbeat
- Fainting and loss of consciousness