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Test Code:
090-31-0890-01

Order Name:
Varicella-Zoster IgM **

 
Useful For:
Distinguish between an active or prior VZV infection Determine whether someone with severe or atypical symptoms has an active VZV infection or has another condition with similar symptoms
 
Methodology:
Immunofluoresence assay (IFA)
 
AliasesName:
VZV IgM
Chickenpox (varicella)
Shingles (herpes zoster)
Herpes Zoster Antibodies, IgM
VZ Antibody, IgM
 
 
 
Test Code:
090-31-0890-01

Order Name:
Varicella-Zoster IgM **

 
Collection Specimen Or Container:
Blood/ Plain blood (Red top) 6 mL, 1 tube
 
Specimen Testing Type:
Serum, minimum volume 1 mL
 
Sub Mission Container:
Plastic tube
 
 
 
Test Code:
090-31-0890-01

Order Name:
Varicella-Zoster IgM **

 
Method detail:
Immunofluoresence assay (IFA)
 
Schedule:
N/A **Sent Out to PCT Laboratory
 
Turnaround Time:
3 days
 
Performing Location:
PCT Laboratory
Referral Lab Services, Laboratory Department 14160-2
 
 
 
Test Code:
090-31-0890-01

Order Name:
Varicella-Zoster IgM **

 
 
Clinical Information:
When someone is exposed to VZV, the person's immune system responds by producing antibodies to the virus. Laboratory tests can detect and measure the level of two classes of VZV antibodies in the blood: IgM and IgG. IgM antibodies are the first to be produced by the body in response to a VZV infection. They are present in most individuals within a week or two after the initial exposure. IgM antibody production rises for a short time period and declines. Eventually, the level (titer) of VZV IgM antibody usually falls below detectable levels. Additional IgM may be produced when latent VZV is reactivated. Once a person has been exposed to VZV, that person will have some measurable amount of VZV IgG antibody in their blood for the rest of their life. VZV IgG antibody testing can be used, along with IgM testing, to help confirm the presence of a recent or previous VZV infection.
 
Reference Value:
Negative ( < 1:10 )
 
Interpretation:
If both VZV IgG and IgM are present in a symptomatic person, then it is likely that the person has either recently been exposed to VZV for the first time and has chickenpox or that the previous VZV infection has been reactivated and the person has shingles. If only IgM is present, then the infection may have been very recent. If a newborn has IgM antibodies, then the baby has a congenital VZV infection. If a person is symptomatic but has low or undetectable levels of IgG and/or IgM, it may mean that the person either has a condition other than VZV or that the person's immune system is not responding normally – not producing a detectable level of VZV antibody.
 
Clinical Reference:
https://labtestsonline.org (Retrieved: 30 Jan 2019)