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Test Code (รหัสการทดสอบ):
090-70-8431

Order Name (ชื่อการทดสอบ):
Paraneoplastic Autoantibody Panel by Immunoblot, Serum

 
Specimen / Container (สิ่งส่งตรวจ/ภาชนะ):
Blood/ Plain blood (Red top) 6 mL, 1 tube
 
Turnaround Time (ระยะเวลารอผล):
Received specimen to reported within 2 days.
 
Useful For (ประโยชน์การทดสอบ):
This test is intended to determine the major importance autoantibodies in the diagnosis of paraneoplastic syndromes (PNS)
 
Methodology (วิธีการทดสอบ):
Immunoblot
 
Test List In Profile (การทดสอบใน Profile):
Anti-Amphiphysin 
Anti- CV2 (CRMP5)
Anti-PNMA2 (Ma2/Ta) 
Anti-Ri (ANNA-2) 
Anti-Yo (PCA-1) 
Anti-Hu (ANNA-1) 
Anti-Recoverin 
Anti-SOX1 
Anti-Titin 
Anti-ZIC4 
Anti-GAD65 
Anti-Tr (DNER)   
 
AliasesName (ชื่อเรียกอื่นๆ) :
Paraneoplastic screening
Paraneoplastic Ab
Paraneoplastic panel
Antineuronal
Neuronal Nuclear Antibody
Neuronal Antibody
Paraneoplastic Neurological Autoantibody
Purkinje Cell Cytoplasmic Antibodies
Cerebellar Antibodies
Antinuclear neuronal antibodies
 
 
 
Test Code (รหัสการทดสอบ):
090-70-8431

Order Name (ชื่อการทดสอบ):
Paraneoplastic Autoantibody Panel by Immunoblot, Serum

 
Collection Specimen Or Container (สิ่งส่งตรวจ/ภาชนะ):
Blood/ Plain blood (Red top) 6 mL, 1 tube
 
Specimen Testing Type (สิ่งส่งตรวจที่ใช้ในการทดสอบ):
Serum, minimum volume 0.5 mL
 
Sub Mission Container (ภาชนะส่งตรวจ):
Plastic tube
 
Rejection Criteria (เกณฑ์ปฏิเสธสิ่งส่งตรวจ):
Hemolysis: Mild OK; Gross reject
Lipemia: Mild OK; Gross reject
Icterus: Mild OK; Gross reject
Other: N/A
 
Specimen Stabillity (ความคงตัวของสิ่งส่งตรวจ):
Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated, 2oC to 8oC 14 days
 
 
 
Test Code (รหัสการทดสอบ):
090-70-8431

Order Name (ชื่อการทดสอบ):
Paraneoplastic Autoantibody Panel by Immunoblot, Serum

 
Method detail (วิธีการทดสอบ):
Immunoblot
 
Schedule (ตารางการทดสอบ):
Test daily, at 12:00 p.m.
 
Turnaround Time (ระยะเวลารอผล):
Received specimen to reported within 2 days.
 
Performing Location (หน่วยงานที่ทำการทดสอบ):
Molecular biology & Genetics, Laboratory Department Tel.14168
 
Specimen Retention Time (ระยะเวลาเก็บสิ่งส่งตรวจ):
7 days
 
 
 
Test Code (รหัสการทดสอบ):
090-70-8431

Order Name (ชื่อการทดสอบ):
Paraneoplastic Autoantibody Panel by Immunoblot, Serum

 
 
Clinical Information (ข้อมูลทางคลินิก):
PNS autoantibody represent a special group of autoantibody in the area of neurology, which are associated with paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS). PNS are defined as neurological clinical syndromes that accompany malignant tumours, but are not directly caused by them or their metastases, are not of vascular or infectious origin and do not result from therapy-related side effects. They are caused by tumour-released immunological mechanisms, which take their effect distally from the primary and/or metastatic tumour site. Depending on the type of tumour, tumour cells express antigens, e.g. amphiphysin, CV2/CRMP5, PNMA2 (Ma2/Ta), Ri, Yo or Hu, which can induce the formation of specific autoantibody. These autoantibody bind to the respective antigens localised in the nervous tissue and are thus probably involved in neurological disorders. The antigen-antibody reactions not only prove the paraneoplastic aetiology to almost 100%, but they are also closely related to specific tumours which up until that time were undetected in these patients. PNS autoantibody detection is therefore very useful in the diagnosis of tumours in their early stages. 
 
Reference Value (ค่าอ้างอิง):
 
Tests Reference Value
Anti-Amphiphysin Negative
Anti- CV2 (CRMP5) Negative
Anti-PNMA2 (Ma2/Ta) Negative
Anti-Ri (ANNA-2)  Negative
Anti-Yo (PCA-1)  Negative
Anti-Hu (ANNA-1) Negative
Anti-Recoverin Negative
Anti-SOX1 Negative
Anti-Titin Negative
Anti-ZIC4  Negative
Anti-GAD65 Negative
Anti-Tr (DNER)  Negative
 
Interpretation (การแปลผล):
PNS occur in approx. 15% of malignant diseases, occur most frequently in association with small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), breast or ovarian carcinoma. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS), which is the most frequent PNS and can be diagnosed by determining Purkinje cell antibodies, has the highest predictive value with respect to an underlying tumour (here SCLC). In most PNS, particularly in paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE), paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD), paraneoplastic opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia (POMA), stiff-person syndrome (stiff-man syndrome) and retinopathy (subacute amaurosis), the detection of specific antibodies has a much higher predictive value with respect to the presence of a tumour than the clinical symptoms by themselves. 
The EUROLINE Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes 12 Ag is not suitable for the detection of antibodies against GAD65 in diabetes mellitus. A negative result in the EUROLINE does not exclude the presence of Anti-GAD65.
For the medical diagnosis, the clinical symptoms of the patient and, if available, further findings should always be taken into account alongside the serological result. A negative serological result does not exclude the presence of a disease because this test can determine autoantibodies of the immunoglobulin class IgG against only 12 different antigens.  Not all of the target antigens of autoantibodies associated with paraneoplastic syndromes have yet been identified, purified and sufficiently validated. 
 
Clinical Reference (เอกสารอ้างอิง):
Manufacturer’s reagent package insert, EUROLINE Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes 12 Ag (IgG) Test instruction, March 2018, EUROIMMUN, Lübeck, D-23560 Germany.