Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection is linked with cervical cancer. HPV can be divided into “high-risk (HR)” and “low-risk (LR)” groups on the basis of their association with cervical lesions. Therefore, it is very important to know which type of HPV is infected in patients to prevent cancer development and transmission of disease. Cervical cancer, which progresses from the precancerous stage to invasive cancer, has 7-20 years of precancerous stage; consequently early diagnosis is possible when HPV infection is suspected. High-risk HPV group may lead to the development of cervical cancer; especially, HPV16 and 18 are associated with 70% of cervical cancer case. On the other hands, low-risk HPV group including HPV6 and 11 may cause genital warts.