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Test Code:
AST

Order Name:
AST/ SGOT (Aspartate Aminotransferase)

 
Useful For:
Diagnosing and monitoring liver disease, particularly diseases resulting in a destruction of hepatocytes
 
Methodology:
NADH (wilhout P-5'-P)
 
AliasesName:
AST
SGOT
Aspartate Aminotransferase
 
 
 
Test Code:
AST

Order Name:
AST/ SGOT (Aspartate Aminotransferase)

 
Collection Specimen Or Container:
Blood/ Plain blood (Red top) 6 mL, 1 tube
 
Specimen Testing Type:
Serum, minimum volume 0.5 mL
 
Sub Mission Container:
Plastic vial
 
Rejection Criteria:
Hemolysis: 2+ or above reject
 
Specimen Stabillity:
Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated, 2oC to 8oC 7 days
Frozen, -20oC 3 months
 
 
 
Test Code:
AST

Order Name:
AST/ SGOT (Aspartate Aminotransferase)

 
Method detail:
NADH (wilhout P-5'-P)
 
Schedule:
Tested daily (24 hours)
 
Turnaround Time:
Collected specimen to report within 1.5 hours (90 mins)
 
Performing Location:
Chemistry, Laboratory Department Tel. 13224
 
Specimen Retention Time:
5 days
 
 
 
Test Code:
AST

Order Name:
AST/ SGOT (Aspartate Aminotransferase)

 
 
Clinical Information:
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), also referred to as glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT), is one of a group of enzymes which catalyzes the interconversion of amino acids and α-keto acids by transfer of amino groups. Both AST and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) are normally found in most body fluids, but not in urine except in instances of kidney lesions. The greatest concentrations of AST are found in heart, liver, muscle, and kidney tissues. Damage to these tissues can greatly elevate serum AST levels. Following myocardial infarction, AST in serum begins to increase within 6 to 8 hours of onset of pain, reaching a peak within 18 to 24 hours and falling to normal by the fourth or fifth day. Serum values may increase to 10 to 15 times normal levels and the increase is roughly proportional to the degree of tissue damage.
 
Reference Value:
10 – 45 U/L
 
Interpretation:
Elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) values are seen in parenchymal liver diseases characterized by a destruction of hepatocytes. Values are typically at least 10 times above the normal range. Levels may reach values as high as one hundred times the upper reference limit, although twenty to fifty-fold elevations are most frequently encountered. In infectious hepatitis and other inflammatory conditions affecting the liver, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is characteristically as high as or higher than AST, and the ALT/AST ratio, which normally and in other condition is <1, becomes greater than unity. AST levels are usually elevated before clinical signs and symptoms of disease appear. Five- to 10-fold elevations of both AST and ALT occur in patients with primary or metastatic carcinoma of the liver, with AST usually being higher than ALT, but levels are often normal in the early stages of malignant infiltration of the liver. Elevations of ALT activity persist longer than do those of AST activity. Elevated AST values may also be seen in disorders affecting the heart, skeletal muscle and kidney.
 
Clinical Reference:
1. Manufacturer’s reagent package insert, Architect® /Aeroset® ASPARTATE
    AMINOTRANSFERASE, ABBOTT Laboratories, Abbot Park IL 60064 USA, October 2012.
2. http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com (Retrieved: 01 Jan 2019)