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Test Code (รหัสการทดสอบ):
UREAU

Order Name (ชื่อการทดสอบ):
Urea-N (Random Urine)

 
Specimen / Container (สิ่งส่งตรวจ/ภาชนะ):
Urine, Clean container
 
Turnaround Time (ระยะเวลารอผล):
Collected specimen to report within 1.5 hours (90 mins)
 
Useful For (ประโยชน์การทดสอบ):
Assessment of renal failure (prerenal vs acute kidney injury)
 
Methodology (วิธีการทดสอบ):
Urease
 
AliasesName (ชื่อเรียกอื่นๆ) :
Urea N Urine
 
 
 
Test Code (รหัสการทดสอบ):
UREAU

Order Name (ชื่อการทดสอบ):
Urea-N (Random Urine)

 
Collection Specimen Or Container (สิ่งส่งตรวจ/ภาชนะ):
Urine, Clean container
 
Specimen Testing Type (สิ่งส่งตรวจที่ใช้ในการทดสอบ):
Urine, minimum volume 10 mL
 
Sub Mission Container (ภาชนะส่งตรวจ):
Clean container
 
Rejection Criteria (เกณฑ์ปฏิเสธสิ่งส่งตรวจ):
Hemolysis: 4+ reject 
 
Specimen Stabillity (ความคงตัวของสิ่งส่งตรวจ):
Specimen Type Temperature Time
Random urine Refrigerated, 2oC to 8oC 7 days
Frozen, -20oC 1 month
 
 
 
Test Code (รหัสการทดสอบ):
UREAU

Order Name (ชื่อการทดสอบ):
Urea-N (Random Urine)

 
Method detail (วิธีการทดสอบ):
Urease
 
Schedule (ตารางการทดสอบ):
Tested daily (24 Hours)
 
Turnaround Time (ระยะเวลารอผล):
Collected specimen to report within 1.5 hours (90 mins)
 
Performing Location (หน่วยงานที่ทำการทดสอบ):
Chemistry, Laboratory Department Tel. 13224
 
Specimen Retention Time (ระยะเวลาเก็บสิ่งส่งตรวจ):
7 days
 
 
 
Test Code (รหัสการทดสอบ):
UREAU

Order Name (ชื่อการทดสอบ):
Urea-N (Random Urine)

 
 
Clinical Information (ข้อมูลทางคลินิก):
Urea is a low molecular weight substance (Mol Wt=60) that is freely filtered by glomeruli and the majority is excreted into the urine, although variable amounts are reabsorbed along the nephron. It is the major end product of protein metabolism in humans and other mammals. Approximately 50% of urinary solute excretion and 90% to 95% of total nitrogen excretion is composed of urea under normal conditions. Factors that tend to increase urea excretion include increases in glomerular filtration rate, increased dietary protein intake, protein catabolic conditions, and water diuretic states. Factors that reduce urea excretion include low protein intake and conditions which result in low urine output (eg, dehydration). Urea excretion is a useful marker of protein metabolism.

In oliguric patients with a rising creatinine a fractional excretion of urea <35% is consistent with a prerenal cause, while values >35% are more consistent with acute kidney injury.(2) The fractional excretion of sodium is also used for this purpose, but may be more affected by diuretics. Therefore, the fractional excretion of urea may be particularly useful for patients receiving diuretics.
 
Interpretation (การแปลผล):
Fractional excretion of urea <35% is consistent with a prerenal cause.
 
Clinical Reference (เอกสารอ้างอิง):
  1. Manufacturer’s reagent package insert, Architect ® Urea Nitrogen, Abbott Laboratories Diagnostics Division, Aboott Park, IL 600064, USA. November 2015
  2. http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com (Retrieved: 01 Jan 2019)