Despite advances in food safety, sanitation, and medical treatment, infectious gastroenteritis remains a significant problem in industrialized countries among all age groups. Globally, infectious diarrheal illness is a significant cause of mortality in young children resulting in an estimated 800,000 deaths per year in children under the age of 5. In addition to this significant morbidity and mortality, diarrhea in children contributes to malnutrition, increased susceptibility to other infections, and may lead to delays in growth and intellectual development. The FilmArray GI Panel simultaneously tests for 22 pathogens from stool specimens. Results from the FilmArray GI Panel test are available within about one hour.