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Clear
 
Test Code:
090-80-2030-01

Order Name:
Cadmium (Urine)

 
Useful For:
Detecting occupational exposure to cadmium, a toxic heavy metal in random urine specimens
 
Methodology:
Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)
 
AliasesName:
Cd (Cadmium), Urine
 
 
 
Test Code:
090-80-2030-01

Order Name:
Cadmium (Urine)

 
Collection Specimen Or Container:
Urine, Clean container
 
Specimen Testing Type:
Urine, minimum volume 10 mL
 
Sub Mission Container:
Clean container
 
Specimen Stabillity:
Specimen Type Temperature Time
Random urine Refrigerated, 2oC to 8oC 14 days

 
 
 
 
Test Code:
090-80-2030-01

Order Name:
Cadmium (Urine)

 
Method detail:
Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)
 
Schedule:
Tested on Tuesday and Friday at 7.00 a.m.
 
Turnaround Time:
Result reporting within Wednesday or Saturday, before 3.00 p.m.
 
Performing Location:
Chemistry, Laboratory Department Tel. 13224
 
Specimen Retention Time:
1 month
 
 
 
Test Code:
090-80-2030-01

Order Name:
Cadmium (Urine)

 
 
Clinical Information:
Cadmium is a heavy metal and the most common oxidation number of cadmium is +2. Food is the main source of cadmium for the non-smoking population (Cuypers et al., 2010). Estimates of dietary cadmium intake worldwide range from 10–40 g/day in nonpolluted areas to several hundred micrograms in cadmiumpolluted regions.
 
Reference Value:
 < 0.5 µg/g creatinine
 
Interpretation:
Cadmium is a potent human carcinogen causing preferentially prostate, lung and gastro-intestinal (kidney and pancreas) cancers. Smoking synergistically increases the carcinogenic effect of cadmium (Flora et al., 2008; Flora and Pachauri, 2010).
 
Clinical Reference:
  1. แสงโฉม เกิดคล้าย, บรรณาธิการ. แนวทางการวินิจฉัยเพื่อการรายงานโรคจากการประกอบอาชีพและ สิ่งแวดล้อม. พิมพ์ครั้งที่1. สำนักระบาดวิทยา กรมควบคุมโรค กระทรวงสาธารณสุข. สิงหาคม 2547:หน้า 22-33
  2. NCCLS document C38-A, Control of Pre analytical Variation in trace Element Determinations; Approved Guideline, 1997
  3. Biomarker Testing of Industrial Chemicals; Version 2018
  4. www.Thaitox.com
  5. The handbook of Environmental Chemistry Volume 3 Part A, Handbook on the toxicology of metals. Volume I., Ärztlicher Befundbericht, IMD Institut für Medizinische Diagnostik Berlin-Potsdam GbR, Nicolaistraße 22 - 12247 Berlin (Steglitz).
  6. http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com (Retrieved: 01 Jan 2019)
  7. K. Jomova, M. Valko, Advances in metal-induced oxidative stress and human disease, Toxicology 283 (2011) 65–87