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Esophageal cancer occurs when an accumulation of abnormal cells form a tumor in the inner lining of the esophagus. Once the cancer cells have grown into the wall of the esophagus, they can then spread to the lymph nodes, aorta (large blood vessel), and other parts of the body, including the lungs, liver, and stomach.
Currently, the exact causes of esophageal cancer are not known. However, factors that increase the risk of esophageal cancer developing include:
Esophageal cancer does not cause any noticeable symptoms in its early stage. However, the following symptoms will occur in its advanced stage:
The treatment of esophageal cancer involves the collaboration of a team of medical professionals from various fields, such as surgeons, radiologists, and oncologists, who together will plan the most suitable treatment for each patient. The choice of treatment depends on: