Pankreatitis

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Pancreatitis is an inflammation in the pancreas which can be either acute or chronic.

Acute Pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis is sudden swelling and inflammation of the pancreas, resulting in tissue damage.
  • Symptoms of Acute Pancreatitis
    • Severe and sudden abdominal pain that may radiate to the back and which usually lasts for 2-3 days
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Fever
  • Diagnosis of Acute Pancreatitis
    • Review of patient history and a physical examination
    • Laboratory testing: amylase and lipase tests
    • X-ray computed tomography

Pancreatitis becomes chronic when the inflammation of the pancreas does not heal or improve and gradually worsens, usually due to factors such as alcohol consumption.

  • Symptoms of Chronic Pancreatitis
    • Abdominal pain, which may come and go or be continuous
    • Pale or clay-colored stool, fatty or oily stool
    • Unexplained weight loss
  • Diagnosis of Chronic Pancreatitis
    • Review of patient history and a physical examination
    • Laboratory testing: amylase and lipase tests
    • Ultrasound to check for other possible causes of the symptoms, such as gallstones
    • X-ray computed tomography
  • Gallstones, which can block the pancreatic duct, causing inflammation of the pancreas and eventually leading to pancreatitis
  • Alcoholism
  • Avoid consuming excessive amounts of food or drink in order to reduce the work pressure of the pancreas
  • Take fluids intravenously to prevent dehydration and maintain an appropriate balance of fluids in the body
  • Take pain-killing medication
  • Avoid the consumption of alcohol
  • Undergo gallbladder surgery. If the pancreatitis was caused by gallstones, the doctor may recommend surgery to remove the gallbladder.

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