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Urinary incontinence is a condition commonly found in both male and female older adults. Symptoms include an inability to control urination, urinary stress incontinence (urine leakage when coughing, sneezing, or laughing; urinary leakage even with no urge to urinate; frequent urination; and the inability to empty the bladder completely.
One diagnostic method used to determine the exact cause of urinary disorders is called an urodynamic study.
An urodynamic study is an examination and assessment of a patient’s bladder muscles and the sphincter to determine whether or not they are functioning and contracting correctly. An urodynamic study will measure the pressure in the bladder while water flows through and out of the bladder. It can also measure the bladder’s ability to store urine, and the patient’s ability to hold and control urination, as well as test for urinary leakage.
Basically, it is an examination of the overall functions of the bladder, urethra, and sphincter in order to detect and determine the causes and mechanisms of urinary system disorders and incontinence.
An urodynamic study can be carried out through a variety of methods:
The doctor will consider and choose the method most appropriate for each patient, according to their symptoms.
Doctors will consider an urodynamic study for patients experiencing the following conditions:
An urodynamic study is a procedure that poses minimal risks; however, there are some chances of complications, such as urinary tract infection. Because of this, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to be taken before and after the test in order to prevent and reduce the risk of infection.
Therefore, if after the examination patients experience a more frequent urge to urinate, urine that smells unusual, urine that is cloudy or has blood mixed in it, a burning or stinging sensation while urinating, an ability to pass only small amounts of urine at a time, pain in the lower back or sides, or fever, they should see inform their doctor immediately.