Currently, there are no specific medications to cure norovirus infection. Treatment, therefore, depends on care of the patient according to the types and severity of symptoms experienced. Most symptoms will usually improve within 3-4 days.
For patients with milder symptoms, oral rehydration solutions can be taken. Those who experience vomiting and diarrhea should have a diet of soft foods and can take anti-vomiting and abdominal pain medications according to their symptoms.
For those who experience stomach pain with vomiting and diarrhea, there is the danger of severe dehydration, which can lead to shock, low blood pressure, and even death. In such cases, hospitalization should be considered, along with intravenous fluid treatment and close monitoring of symptoms.
Patients most at risk of dehydration include small children, the elderly, or those with various already existing congenital diseases. Patients in these categories should receive special attention.