What are the risks of these elective surgeries/procedures, and how can I minimize those risks?
What Causes Frown Lines & Crow's Feet?
How Does BOTOX® Reduce The Signs Of Aging?
What Areas Can Be Treated With BOTOX®?
How Long Does BOTOX® Correction Last?
What Can I Expect From The Procedure?
Are There Any Side Effects?
How Soon After Treatment Will I See Results?
Is BOTOX® Safe?
Can BOTOX® Be Combined With Other Facial Rejuvenation Procedures?
How Do I Find Out If I Am A Candidate For BOTOX®?
What is the CO2 laser?
How does the laser work?
What does the CO2 laser treat?
Are there possible complications?
What are the alternative treatments to the CO2 laser?
In considering the laser for skin resurfacing, there exist several other alternatives. When one has facial wrinkles, the traditional approach has been to conceal them by using cosmetics and creams to fill in the cracks and wrinkles, giving a smoother appearance to the skin. With the trend more toward a natural look, people are looking for a more permanent smoothing effect. Chemical peels (acid peels) and dermabrasions (scraping of the superficial skin) are two similar methods, in that they both remove the top layers of skin. However, they are not as precisely controllable as the laser. Also, they do not appear to tighten the skin as well as the CO2 laser.
Probably the most common alternative to the CO2 laser for facial wrinkles is the traditional facelift, or rhytidectomy. This can offer the advantage of removing large amounts of excessive skin from the face, but has disadvantages as well. The incision from a facelift can often be noticeable around the ears and side of the face and it also carries with it the risk of cutting one of the facial nerves during the surgery. The main advantage of the laser to facelift surgery often has to do with the "refreshed" look of the laser patient, versus the "surgical look" of the facelift patient.
Who is a candidate for the laser?
What should I expect before, during, and after the laser resurfacing procedure?
A few days after the procedure, and while the skin is rebuilding from the bottom up, some weeping will occur as new collagen is formed by the dermal layer. Minimal to moderate postoperative swelling will occur. Dressings or ointments are used to cover the treated areas and speed the healing process. As the skin heals, the fresh new skin will have a pink quality which will fade over a period of several months. This is easily camouflaged by makeup which can usually be applied in 6-10 days, depending upon your skin’s response to treatment. All laser resurfacing procedures are performed under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis.
How long does it last?
Can other areas be resurfaced, such as the neck or chest?
When can a Chemical peel be performed?
What is a Chemical peel?
What does a typical Chemical peel consultation entail?
How is a Chemical peel performed?
Will it hurt?
When will I be able to see the results?
What are the risks of a Chemical Peel?
Be careful of crusting or excessive weeping. In AHA peels you may think this is normal but there is a borderline appearance that you must watch out for. Ask your skincare specialist for specifics regarding what to look for. If for a typical AHA peel, you should feel and look normal within 3-4 days. For deeper peels your downtime may take weeks and then months for complete recovery.
If you experience pain in areas of the face, contact your surgeon or skin care specialist immediately - particularly if you are prone to cold sores - blisters that form will need to be treated immediately.
Hyperpigmentations (excessive coloration) and hypopigmentation (lack of pigmentation) can be problematic of misdiagnosed skin types, failure to reveal any skin problems or ethnicity and improper post-peel care. Infection is uncommon but possible so keep an eye out for redness and pain.
Scarring is a problem if the above is experienced so please adhere to your post-peel instructions to decrease your chances of long-term or permanent, visible signs of damage.
Are the results permanent?
What are glycolic peels?
What is Involved? Will I Need further treatments?
How long does the procedure take?
What should I expect post operatively?
What Are The Available Cosmetic Fillers?
Bovine collagen (Zyderm® and Zyplast®) was approved by the FDA 2 decades ago. It was the first filler agent to become very popular in the United States. Typically it is used for smile lines and other wrinkles, lip enhancement and scar correction because bovine collagen is derived from cow collagen, skin tests on the arm are required in an attempt to determine collagen allergy. Results, after treatment, typically last 2-6 months.
Human collagen (Cosmoderm® and Cosmoplast®) is used much like bovine collagen. Typically human collagen is used for smile lines and other wrinkles, lip enhancement and scar correction. These materials are among the more popular filler agents for lip enhancement or for the patient who likes collagen, but prefers not to have bovine collagen. In contrast to bovine collagen, human collagen treatment does not require skin tests. Results typically last 2-6 months.
Among the newer filler agents are those containing non-animal stabilized hyaluronic acid . This sugar-like material is highly popular in Europe and Canada. Recent FDA studies have been undertaken for 2 different hyaluronic acids (Restylane® and Hylaform®). Generally skin tests are not required. The material is soft and is very popular for the treatment of smile lines. Results typically last 3-8 months.
What Are Cosmetic Fillers?
What Kind Of Reactions Can Occur After Cosmetic Filler Injections?
What Can I Do To Optimize Cosmetic Fillers Results?
How Do I Find Out If I Am A Candidate For Cosmetic Fillers?
Are there any other precautions that I should know about?
Are there any side effects?
Should certain precautions be taken after the treatment?
What does the treatment involve?
What kind of vascular lesions are treated with a laser?
Why is treatment with a laser safe and effective?
What Is Laser skin rejuvenation?
How Is The laser skin rejuvenation procedure different than other anti-aging treatments?
How does The laser skin rejuvenation procedure work?
What does the procedure do?
How long does a treatment take?
Can it be combined with other procedures?
Is the procedure painful?
How long will it take to heal?
How many treatments are needed, and how long will it last?
What are the side effects?
What causes pigmented lesions?
Which pigmented lesions can be treated with laser?
How do I know what kind of pigmented lesion I have?
Are The Results Permanent?
What Are The Alternatives To The Procedure?
How does the laser treat pigmented lesions?
Is treatment with the laser painful?
Why is laser treatment safe?
How is scar tissue different from other tissue?
Why is scar tissue a problem?
What is sclerotherapy? Can it be used as an alternative to surgery?
Is treatment necessary?
Varicose veins and spider veins are always abnormal and will not disappear without treatment. Left unchecked varicose veins can lead to unpleasant and even serious complications as skin discoloration and sores, bleeding, ankle swelling and phlebitis. Spider veins, not associated with varicose veins, will likely remain only a cosmetic problem although some patients complain bitterly of discomfort for no other apparent reason. While many persons chose not to treat varicose veins, especially when they are not causing pain or discomfort, in the minority of cases that complications develop, treating the varicose veins after the fact cannot reverse the complications and therefore comes too late.
The agents used to inject veins during sclerotherapy are drugs; can one have an allergic reaction while having these injections?
Allergic reaction during sclerotherapy is a very rare occurrence because the drug is generally trapped in the local area of injection. In extremely rare situations, respiratory and vascular collapse (anaphylaxis) can occur, which is life-threatening. If it does occur, your doctor has methods to manage the symptoms, which is most commonly quite effective.
What are varicose veins and spider veins?
How common are abnormal leg veins?
What causes varicose and spider veins?
No one knows the exact cause of spider and varicose veins, but there are several factors that cause a person to be more likely to develop them. Heredity, or being born with weak vein valves, is the greatest factor. Hormones also play a role. The hormonal changes that occur during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, as well as taking estrogen, progesterone, and birth control pills can cause a woman to develop varicose veins or spider veins. During pregnancy, besides the increases in hormone levels, there also is a great increase in the volume of blood in the body that can cause veins to enlarge. The enlarged uterus also puts more pressure on the veins. (Within 3 months after delivery, varicose veins usually improve. However, more abnormal veins are likely to develop and remain after additional pregnancies.)
Other factors that weaken vein valves and that may cause varicose or spider veins include aging, obesity, leg injury, and prolonged standing, such as for long hours on the job. Spider veins on the cheeks or nose of a fair-skinned person may occur from sun exposure.
Why do varicose and spider veins usually appear in the legs?
Are varicose and spider veins painful or dangerous?
Medical treatment usually is not required for varicose or spider veins. However, varicose veins can become quite uncomfortable as well as look unattractive. Varicose veins usually enlarge and worsen over time. They can cause the legs and feet to swell. Although severe leg pain is not common, leg muscles may feel fatigued or heavy, or throb and cramp at night. The skin on the legs and around the ankles also can itch or burn.
How do I remove my unwanted tattoo?
How many treatments will it require?
Does this process cause scarring?
Will my tattoo be removed completely?
Is the process painful?
What about lightening an existing tattoo?
What is a port wine stain?
What are the causes of port wine stains?
What causes the splotches of skin pigmentation that are commonly known as birthmarks? Why do they persist on one area of the skin?
Should certain precautions be taken after the treatment?
Are there any other precautions that I should know about?
How Do Wrinkle Treatments Work?
Your skin is made up of damaged superficial cells and healthier deep cells. Every day, your old superficial cells die, shed, and are replaced by younger cells. When you are born, the process of shedding a new skin cell takes about 30 days. By the time you are 60, the process takes about 60 days. Thus, as you get older, your complexion becomes dull and lifeless because the cells on your skin's surface are, in fact, older.
Each treatment mentioned above causes uniform destruction and shedding of your old damaged superficial skin cells. This allows healthier deep cells to surface while they are still young and fresh. Each of these treatments organizes and expedites the process of skin turnover and helps you reclaim the skin of your youth. As a result, you will see improvement in some or all of the following skin problems: large pore size, loss of skin vitality, roughness, discoloration, fine wrinkles, acne scars, dynamic wrinkles, and loss of skin tone. (Fillers and Botox are guided by other principles).
What are Dynamic Wrinkles?
What are Fine Wrinkles?
What are Skin Fold Wrinkles?